October 21, 2011 - Essence of Civil Law

The Essence of Civil Cases
The goal of civil law is to remedy an injury sustained by some compensation for loss or damages resulting from a breach of contract. 

Per an older and a newer edition of Black's Law Dictionary:

Civil cases are those which involve disputes or contests between man and man, and which only terminate in the adjustment of the rights of plaintiffs and defendants. They include all cases which cannot legally be denominated "criminal cases." (emphasis mine) 2nd edition (1911)

civil, adj. 1. Of or relating to the state or its citizenry <civil rights>. 2. Of or relating to private rights and remedies that are sought by action or suit, as distinct from criminal proceedings <civil litigation>. 8th edition (2004)

It seems the definition has been 'modernized' from things relating to man to things relating to citizenry

citizen, n. 1. A person who, by either birth or naturalization, is a member of a political community, owing allegiance to the community and being entitled to enjoy all its civil rights and protections; a member of the civil state, entitled to all its privileges. 8th edition (2004)

Is a corporation considered a citizen? Can a corporation have greater standing in a court of law than does an individual? No!

As pertains to sovereignty, even corporations such as the federal and provincial governments have less standing as stated by the Supreme Court of Canada and cited in 86 cases to date:

"The Parliament of Canada and the Legislatures of the several Provinces are sovereign within their sphere defined by The British North America Act, but none of them has the unlimited capacity of an individual."

The individual, the man or the woman, is sovereign over Canada and the provinces!

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