September 1, 2012 - What's a PERSON?

What's a PERSON?
On the street we refer to each other as persons. That confuses the issue. That's what 'they' like. 

In court the word PERSON is a legal term with a specific meaning:

"Persons" are of two kinds, natural and artificial. A person is a human being. Artificial persons include a collection or succession of natural persons forming a corporation; a collection of property to which the law attributes the capacity of having rights and duties. The latter class of artificial persons is recognized only to a limited extent in our law. Black's Law Dictionary, 4th.

A corporation is an artificial person, a legal entity, a fiction of law. This term is fairly well understand in the court system (one incompetent judge argued with me that a corporation was not a person…is it possible to get justice in his court?).

The natural person can be confusing. In a court of law I believe it would be understood as referring to a man or a woman, however, in a statutory court it is considered an artificial entity. 

Evidence to this fact can be seen in legislative acts such as the Bank Act and the Municipal Act wherein banks and municipalities are given all the right of a natural person such as the following: 

 (1) A bank has the capacity of a natural person and, subject to this Act, the rights, powers and privileges of a natural person.

9.  A municipality has the capacity, rights, powers and privileges of a natural person for the purpose of exercising its authority under this or any other Act. 2006, c  32, Sched. A, s. 8.

If legislatures can convey the rights of a natural person upon an artificial person then a natural person must also be an artificial entity. It is best then not to claim to be a natural person.

Use what you read here as a part of your research to establish your understanding.
Your actions remain your responsibility.
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